Congenital Hydrocephalus vs. Sagittal Synostosis
Left picture: The diagnosis is a congenital hydrocephalus of the newborn. Right picture: The diagnosis is a sagittal synostosis in an infant. The causes of a clinically and by craniometry recognizable scaphocephaly and/or of a relative macrocephaly are: prematurity and small-for-date neonates; catch-up growth; constitutional head shape; birth molding; and sagittal synostosis.
Left picture: In this pathology there is a remarkable disproportion between the large neurocranium and the rather small face. Right picture: Analogous to the contralateral picture, the regions of the front and the back head bulge distinctly past the merely virtually recognizable base of the skull.