Hemangioma vs. Nasal Glioma
Left picture: The diagnosis is a hemangioma above the root of the nose with a cutaneous and subcutaneous component. Right picture: Here, a nasal glioma is present which is related embryologically to a meningomyelocele; nevertheless, there is no connection to the inside in nasal glioma. The site over the glabella and mainly the size, which cannot be overlooked already in the neonate, are diagnostic for a nasal glioma or a meningoencephalocele; the firm consistency is typical for a glioma, but not for a myelomeningocele. Hemangiomas are not visible at birth in contrast to vascular malformations, but become distinctly visible in the young infant.
Both children have a mass on the root of the nose and above it. Left picture: This pathology concerns an infant. Right picture: This patient is a newborn. Both patients have in common a thinning and reddening of the skin over the tumor, and a similar size. Left picture: This pathology is smooth on palpation, the reddening is circumscript, and the mass is shining through bluish. Right picture: The local finding is homogeneous and firm on palpation.